Cavities, commonly known as dental caries or tooth decay, are frequent among youngsters. They can form in either baby or permanent teeth as bacteria in the mouth mix with sugar from food, triggering a process that eats away at the outer coating of the tooth. Cavities are frequently avoidable with good oral hygiene, a well-balanced diet, and regular dental checkups.
Bacteria usually build up in your child’s mouth over time, generating a sticky substance known as plaque. This plaque can coat teeth, and the bacteria in the plaque produce an acid while your child eats. The acid erodes the problematic tooth enamel, resulting in cavities.
Cavities might be challenging to detect because there aren’t always visible indicators of tooth decay in the early stages. As the cavity develops, keep an eye out for symptoms like pain, white or dark spots on teeth, fussiness, sensitivity to cold meals or drinks, mouth swelling, or weariness in your child. Contact a dentist or other healthcare expert immediately if your child has a fever, swelling, or pain. It could mean there’s an abscess, and if ignored, that can lead to a severe tooth infection and potential hospitalization.
If your child has cavities, your dentist may seal the region with a fluoride gel or varnish. If the cavity is severe, they may remove the deteriorated material and replace it with a filling or extraction. The best prevention method combines good oral hygiene and a healthy diet because plaque bacteria live on sugary, starchy, and soft drinks. Attempt to reduce these in your child’s diet. It’s not only about avoiding the “bad stuff”: offering more nutrient-rich foods like vegetables and fruit mineralizes your child’s saliva — this aids in the repair of plaque damage.
Make good dental hygiene a part of your child’s daily practice. Ensure:
- They drink enough water after meals and brush their teeth twice a day for at least two minutes
- Toothbrushes should be replaced every two to three months
- Use fluoride toothpaste for children over two, and floss regularly to prevent plaque from accumulating between the teeth.
Your children will be able to care for their teeth and gums if you instill proper teeth-cleaning habits in them. It will help to prevent tooth decay early on, allowing them to have healthier and happier smiles for years to come.
Whether your child needs a dental checkup or an emergency dental visit, you can put your trust in our pediatric-friendly dental clinic in Scarborough. Book an appointment online: https://drsalimkapadiadental.com/online-appointments/